Foundations Hermeneutics / Exegesis

NT Textual Criticism: Process and Sources

NT Textual Criticism: page one addresses the process of weighing the internal and external evidence; page two presents in tabular form the sources for the Alexandrian, Western, and Byzantine text-types found in the Gospels, Acts, Paul and Hebrews, the General Epistles, and Revelation.


PDF ver. 2014-03-01
2pp 4.67 x 7.08″ .3 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2013-01-11: New release

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Mentoring Strategy

Mentoring Strategy: ten elements in a mentoring strategy that has full integration into the fellowship of the church as its goal.

On page two of the PDF: Important things to remember before each mentoring meeting.

For each step in the mentoring process, links are provided to related BcResources and to those available for download or purchase ($) from NavPress and Amazon.

10-Step Mentoring Strategy

  1. Assurances and the enemy:
    Beginning with Christ
  2. Getting into the Word of God:
    Studying the Bible
  3. Talking to God:
    The Devotional Life
    • Prayer; Journal
    • Five steps: (1) Wake up; (2) Settle down; (3) Draw near; (4) Pray through; (5) Move on
  4. Confirming your choice:
    Dealing with Persecution
    • Harassment of family, relatives, and former friends
    • Dealing with spouses and children
  5. Winning others:
    Sharing the Faith
  6. All the way with Christ:
    The Cost of Discipleship
    • The Lord’s words in Luke 14.25-35 … cf. Matthew 10.32-39; 16.24-27; Mark 8.34-38; 9.35-37; 10.41-45; Luke 9.57-62; 17.33
    • The nature of discipleship and its tension with cultural expectations
    • A conversion message
    • Loving Christ and the church above all else; cf. “first place in everything” (Colossians 1.15-20).
    • BcR’s Colossians audios on Lordship and preeminence of Christ (esp. Col 1.17-18a, 1.18b) mp3 audio
  7. Honoring the Lord for real:
    The Tithe
  8. Becoming the right kind of person:
    The Character of the Christian
  9. What it means to learn:
    Spiritual Authority
  10. My church:

Important things to remember before each mentoring meeting

  1. Pray for them
    • The key to spiritual power
    • It weakens resistance.
  2. Find the right place; set the right time
    • A neutral place that is appropriate; check mood and look out for interruptions.
    • The time must be regular — no longer than 1½ hours.
  3. Be ready to meet pressing needs
    • Be aware of their life situation.
    • Always bring money.
  4. “LEAD” them
    • Listen
    • Empathize
    • Ask
    • Disclose
    • … ask open-ended questions and be sure to reassure.
  5. Teach them — five steps:
    • Tell them why.
    • Show them how.
    • Get them started.
    • Keep them going.
    • Have them pass it on.

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
2pp. 4.67 x 7.08″ .06 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2009-12-01: New release

For additional discipleship and ministry tools, visit (at a separate site) the Navigators’ Resources page.

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Study Blank for a Passage

Study Blank for a Passage: for your printing convenience, available in two versions (i.e., printing options, each with identical content):

Bi-fold version

Version 1 is for printing as duplex bi-fold (two-sided letter size, folded in half to create 5.5 x 8.5 product). Note: For printers that support duplex printing, to keep back side from being upside-down, specify “short side” or the equivalent for the binding option.


Booklet or individual pages version

Version 2 is for printing as a single 5.5 x 8.5 booklet (or, four individual letter-size pages). Use Adobe PDF Reader options or consult your printer manufacturer’s help file/manual for instructions on how to do booklet printing.


PDF ver. 2014-03-01
Each ver. is 4pp 5.5 x 8.5″ f. .07 to .16 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2009-12-01: New release

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Biblical Studies Old Testament Studies Psalms Wisdom

Approaching a Psalm

Two charts cover both the study approach in general (setting, meaning, and significance) and the specific task of classification (typical structure and themes of three kinds of psalms: Laments, Thanksgivings, and Hymns)

Approaching the Study of a Psalm

  • Setting
    1. Original: Pre-temple, First Temple, or Second Temple Period
    2. Compositional: Instruments, tunes, and other musical directions
    3. Anthological: Place within Psalter as a whole, five Books, smaller collections
    4. Ritual/Occasional Liturgical use: festivals, offerings, Sabbaths, coronations, weddings
  • Meaning
    1. Form and structure: Classification by form, its typical elements; variations of theme; actual structure by stanzas
    2. Poetry: Use of parallelism, words, images to evoke emotion, engage psyche; deeper studies of Hebrew words
  • Significance for Jesus and the Church: The reading and explanation of the psalm by Jesus as well as the early and late Church

Approaching the Classification of a Psalm

  • Laments
    • Typical structure
      • Cry of desperation
      • Trust
      • Petition
      • Vow to praise
    • Themes
      • Imprecatory Psalm
      • Confidence Lament
      • Plea of Innocence (justice)
      • Penitential Lament
      • Petitionary Lament
      • Wisdom Lament
  • Thanksgivings (Declarative/Narrative psalms of praise)
    • Typical structure
      • Call to praise
      • Story of deliverance
      • Concluding praise
    • Themes
      • Deliverance Psalm
      • Victory Song (after battle)
      • Wisdom Thanksgiving
  • Hymns (Descriptive psalms of praise)
    • Typical structure
      • General call to praise
      • Praise itself
      • Final call to praise
    • Themes
      • Hymn of Sovereign Majesty (God’s rule; God as Creator)
      • Enthronement Hymn (king/Messiah placed on throne)
      • Hymn of National Deliverance (faithfulness to covenant; realized when Messiah comes — but distinguish from the enthronement hymn)
      • War Song (before battle)
      • Pilgrim Hymn (Zion — as city or king, Ascent)
      • Wisdom Hymn

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
2 pp. 4.67 x 7.08″ .05 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU; combined into set
2009-10-05: New individual releases

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Foundations Biblical Languages

Forming the Hebrew and Aramaic Letters

Forming the Hebrew and Aramaic Letters is a resource for beginning students of Hebrew or Aramaic, a suggested approach to how to making the letter forms.


PDF ver. 2014-03-01
1p 7.08 x 9.5″ .15 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2009-06-16: New release

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