Biblical Studies New Testament Studies

NT Servant Passages

Five NT Servant Passages: Colossians 3.22-25; Ephesians 6.5-8; 1 Timothy 6.1-2; Titus 2.9-10; 1 Peter 2.18-20 … and Christ as our example in 1 Peter 2.21-25.

Within the New Testament’s epistolary household codes (haustafeln), these five passages address servants in their relation to their masters. In New Testament cultures, slaves and servants comprised from one-third to one-half of the population, often performing economic roles roughly paralleled by a modern nation’s employees. Most of us would have been slaves. Believers listening to what the Holy Spirit is saying to the churches can learn to “bring Christ to work.”

Seven-page article includes parallel English and Greek text; grammatical diagrams; room for additional notes.


PDF ver. 2019-08-30
7 pp 8.5 x 11″ 2.5 mb

Version history:
2019-08-30: Updated w. minor text and diagram changes
2019-08-27: New release

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Biblical Studies New Testament Studies James, Peter, Jude, Hebrews

As Living Stones
1Pe 2.4-8

In this sermon, delivered by Mike Sperou, Senior Pastor of North Clackamas Bible Community in July 2019, the Apostle Peter is using the metaphor of the living temple to remind the believing of the nature of the church and of its twofold call: first, TO COME to Jesus Christ, as to a LIVING stone; second, TO SURRENDER to His building … not rejecting Him, but drawing near to Him, by the Bible, cooperating in being fitted as a LIVING stone into a particular local church.

As Living Stones, 1Pe 2.1-4

Full, 51-min sermon audio, delivered Sunday, July 28, 2019. If audio stops on mobile device, check “Auto-Lock” or equivalent settings (e.g., iPhone, set to “None”).

And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God, you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

For this is contained in Scripture: “Behold, I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, And he who believes in Him will not be disappointed.” This precious value, then, is for you who believe; but for those who disbelieve, “The stone which the builders rejected, This became the very corner stone,” and, “A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense”; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed.

Apostle Peter, First Peter 2.4-8

MP3 ver. 2019-07-28
51 min.; full sermon
MP3 version history:
2019-07-28: New release; sermon delivered

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Biblical Studies New Testament Studies Ephesians Pauline Epistles Prison Epistles

Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians – Outline

Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians – Outline shows the structure of one of Paul’s prison epistles, written soon after Colossians and Philemon, then delivered to Asia at the same time.

Focusing upon the nature of the Church, the conversion of the Gentiles, and the unity and dynamics of church growth, the epistle has the following structure (shown with more detail in the PDF version below):

  • Prescript, 1.1-2
  • Theological, 1.3–3.21
    1. Eulogy, 1.3-14
    2. Thanksgiving, 1.15-23
    3. Theme, 2.1-22
    4. Prayer, 3.1-21
  • Practical, 4.1–6.9
    1. Preamble, 4.1-16
    2. Theme, 4.17-24
    3. Vices and virtues, 4.25–5.21
    4. Haustafel, 5.22–6.9
  • Final charge, 6.10-20
  • Postscript, 6.21-24

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
4 pp. 8.5 x 11″ .12 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2013-05-09: Updated f. one-page 5×8 ver.
2011-08-13: New release

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Biblical Studies New Testament Studies Pauline Epistles Colossians Prison Epistles

Paul’s Epistle to the Colossians – Outline

Paul’s Epistle to the Colossians – Outline emphasizes the “Christ Hymn of Praise” and the truth that …

as Lord of the Cosmos and Lord of the Church, Jesus Christ is to have first place in everything.

  • Prescript, 1.1-2 (Author, recipients, greeting)
  • Letter Opening, 1.3-23
    1. Thanksgiving, 1.3-8 (Its expression, occasion, and ground)
    2. Prayer report, 1.9-14 (Its character, content, and intended result)
    3. Christ Hymn of Praise 1.15-20
    4. Thematic statement, 1.21-23 (The letter’s three themes in reverse order)
  • Body Middle, 1.24–4.6 (Paul’s apostolic commission, persevering in the face of false teaching, and leading holy lives)
    1. Personal matters, 1.24–2.5 (Inclusio: 1.24 and 2.5)
      • General: his divine commission, 1.24-29 (Begins with ‘nun’ formula; his mandate, message, and motivation)
      • Particular: his present concern, 2.1-5 (Begins with disclosure formula: an encouragement, warning, and reassurance) [Transition, 2,6-7]
    2. Theological matters, 2.8-23 (Characterized by the indicative mood; deceptive philosophy, religious rituals, ascetic practices)
      • Statement, 2.8
      • Contrast, 2.9-23
        • According to Christ, 2.9-15
        • According to human origin, 2.16-23
      • [Transition, 3,1-4] (Corrective: “Set your minds on the things above…”)
    3. Practical matters, 3.5–4.6 (Characterized by the imperative)
      • Vice-virtue lists, 3.5-17 (Two vice lists of five each, one virtue list of five, and a supplementary section)
      • Household code, 3.18–4.1 (Exhortations to wives, husbands, children, fathers, slaves)
      • Evangelism, 4.2-6 (Advancing the gospel)
  • Closing, 4.7-18 (Greetings, a final charge, and signature)

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
1 p. 4.67 x 7.08″ .05 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2012-09-04: Text changes
2010-05-16: Text additions
2010-04-25: Spelling correction
2010-02-27: New release

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Biblical Studies New Testament Studies Jesus, Synoptics, Acts Jesus Matthew Luke

Genealogy of Jesus: Matthew and Luke Compared

Genealogy of Jesus: Matthew and Luke Compared: with Luke’s account listed in reverse order to facilitate comparison. Points of convergence noted with red names; literary structure of Matthew’s account, highlighting three groups of 14 generations, shaded in light red.


PDF ver. 2014-03-01
1 p. 7.08 x 9.5″ .05 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2011-11-18: New release; updated format
pre-2011: Releases for internal use

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