Humanities Ancient Greek Philosophy History of Philosophy Philosophy

Pre-Socratic Philosophers

Pre-Socratic philosophers of ancient Greece are compared.

The Pre-Socratic Philosophers chart compares each of the major pre-Socratic philosophers regarding their views of the arche, kinesis, kosmos, and psyche. The chart is illustrated with a bust of the first in the list of philosophers: Thales.


  1. Thales of Miletus, 624–546 BCE
  2. Anaximander of Miletus, 610–546
  3. Anaximenes of Miletus, 570–510
  4. Pythagoras of Samos-Croton, 582–497
  5. Heraclitus of Ephesus, 535–475
  6. Xenophanes of Colophon-Elea, 570–475
  7. Parmenides of Elea, 515–445
  8. Empedocles of Akragas (Agrigentum), 495–435
  9. Anaxagoras of Clazomenae-Athens, 500–428
  10. Democritus of Abdera, 460–370

For PDF, color coding distinguishes philosophers of Ionia and the Aegean, philosophers of the West and Magna Graecia, and philosophers of Athens.


PDF ver. 2014-03-01
1 p. 8.5 x 11″ .61 mb

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2008-09-17: New release, w. changes

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