2242100-1jn0000-out-bcrx

First Epistle of John – Outline

Rhetorical outline of the First Epistle of John

2242100-1jn0000-out-bcrxFirst Epistle of John – Outline highlights the epistle’s literary-rhetorical features / reassurances:

  1. Prologue , 1.1-4 “. . . so that you too may have fellowship with us . . . that our joy may be made complete.”
  1. The message introduced, 1.5–2.27 “the one who says . . .”
    1. Introduction, 1.5 “God is light. . .”
    2. Argument, 1.6–2.25 “if we walk in the darkness . . . if we walk in the light. . .”
      1. Test 1: Sin, 1.6-10 “if we say . . . if we say . . . if we say . . .”

        Reassurance, 2.1-2 “if anyone sins . . .”

      2. Test 2: Obedience, 2.3-6 “the one who says . . . the one who says . . .”

        Reassurance, 2.7-8 “a new commandment . . . which is true in Him and in you . . .”

      3. Test 3: Love, 2.9-11 “the one who says . . .”

        Reassurance, 2.12-14 “your sins have been forgiven you . . .”

        [A warning, 2.15-17 “Do not love the world . . .”]

      4. Test 4: Truth, 2.18-25
        1. Statement, 2.18-20 “many antichrists have appeared . . . they went out from us . . .”

          Reassurance, 2.21 “you know the truth . . .”

        2. Test, 2.22-23 “the one who denies . . . whoever denies . . .”

          Reassurance, 2.24-25 “you have eternal life . . .”

    3. Conclusion, 2.26-27 (“His anointing teaches you all things . . .”)
  2. The message explained, 2.28–4.6 “everyone who . . .”
    1. Introduction, 2.28-29 “He is righteous . . .”
    2. Argument, 3.1–4.6 “the children of God . . . children of the devil . . .”

      Reassurance, 3.1-3 “we are the children of God . . .”

      1. Tension 1: Righteousness, 3.4-10
        1. Explanation, 3.4-8 “everyone who . . . no one who . . . no one who . . . the one who . . . the one who . . .”

          Reassurance, 3.9 “No one who is born of God practices sin . . .”

        2. Conclusion, 3.10 “the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious . . .”
      2. Tension 2: Love, 3.11-24
        1. Explanation, 3.11-18 “everyone who . . .”

          Reassurance, 3.19-22 “we are of the truth . . .”

        2. Conclusion, 3.23-24 “love one another, just as He commanded us.”
      3. Tension 3: Truth, 4.1-6
        1. Explanation, 4.1-3 “every spirit . . . every spirit . . .”

          Reassurance, 4.4 “you are from God, little children, and have overcome them . . .”

        2. Conclusion, 4.5-6 “he who knows God listens to us . . .”
  3. The message summarized, 4.7–5.12 “everyone who . . .”
    1. Introduction, 4.7-8 “God is love.”
    2. Argument, 4.9–5.12 “For whatever is born of God overcomes the world . . .”
      1. Tenet 1: Love, 4.9-21
        1. Statement, 4.9-14 “He loved us and sent us His Son . . .”

          Reassurance, 4.15-18 “we may have confidence in the Day of Judgment . . .”

        2. Conclusion, 4.19-21 “the one who loves God should love his brother also.”
      2. Tenet 2: Truth, 5.1-12
        1. Statement, 5.1-4 “Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God . . .”

          Reassurance, 5.5-10 “the one who believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself . . .”

        2. Conclusion, 5.11-12 “He who has the Son has the life . . .”
  1. Concluding remarks, 5.13-21

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