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Humanities History of Philosophy Modern Philosophy Philosophy

Immanuel Kant: Synthetic a priori and Twelve Categories

The set Immanuel Kant: Synthetic a priori and Twelve Categories focuses upon the two fundamental concepts formulated in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft, p. 1781, 1787):

Kant’s Synthetic a priori

Chart illustrates the relationship between a posteriori and a priori propositions, on one axis, and analytic and synthetic propositions, on another, especially as this facilitates an understanding of Kant’s Synthetic a priori.

  • For Leibniz and others prior to Kant, all the propositions that we know only through experience (a posteriori) are synthetic and all synthetic propositions are only known through experience. All the propositions that we know self-evidently (a priori) are analytic.
  • Kant admits that propositions that we know only through experience are synthetic, but he does not admit that all synthetic propositions are only known through experience. Some synthetic propositions are known a priori: self-evidently — e.g., Kant’s categories (causality, etc.).

Kant’s Twelve Categories

Chart / illustration of Kant’s list of twelve categories, made up of four groups (‘moments’) of three categories each.

  • Quantity
    • Unity
    • Plurality
    • Totality
  • Quality
    • Reality
    • Negation
    • Limitation
  • Relation
    • Substance-Accident
    • Cause-Effect
    • Reciprocity
  • Modality
    • Possibility
    • Existence
    • Necessity
5323000-mod-1724-1804-kant-set-bcrx-20140301

Note the PDF’s relatively large, 2.6 mb, download size.

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
2 pp. 7.08 x 4.67, 4.67 x 7.08″ 2.6 mb (larger size)
5323000-mod-1724-1804-kant-set-bcrx-20140301

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU; combined
2011-09-17: Changes, Twelve Cat.
2010-07-19: New release, Twelve Cat.
2010-01-27: New release, Synthetic apriori

Immanuel Kant | End | To the top ↑

Categories
Humanities History of Philosophy Modern Philosophy Philosophy

Philosophers and their Works (1650–1900)

The set of Philosophers and their Works (1650–1900) includes two resources: a timeline and a chart, together covering the primary Western philosophers and their works in the period from c. 1650 to 1900.

Timeline

  • Contains figures, works, and events found in corresponding chart (adds Galileo and Newton).
  • Twenty-six philosophers, listed by order of birth: from Francis Bacon (1561–1626) to Gottlob Frege (1848–1925):
    • b. 16th C.: Bacon, Galileo, Hobbes, Descartes
    • b. 17th C.: Pascal, Spinoza, Locke, Newton, Leibniz, Berkeley, Voltaire
    • b. 18th C.: Hume, Reid, Rousseau, Kant, Bentham, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Schopenhauer
    • b. 19th C.: Mill, Kierkegaard, Peirce, James, Nietzsche, and Frege
  • Fifty-two of their works, listed in a separate section by publication dates: from Bacon’s Novum Organum (pub. 1620) to Friedrich Nietzsche’s (1844–1900) Ecce Homo (pub. 1908).
  • Ten key historical events for context
  • Horizontal format (9.50 x 7.08) with book icons

Chart

  • Contains figures, works, and events found in corresponding timeline (minus Galileo and Newton).
  • Twenty-four philosophers, listed by order of birth: from Francis Bacon (1561–1626) to Gottlob Frege (1848–1925):
    • b. 16th C.: Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes
    • b. 17th C.: Pascal, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, Voltaire
    • b. 18th C.: Hume, Reid, Rousseau, Kant, Bentham, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Schopenhauer
    • b. 19th C.: Mill, Kierkegaard, Peirce, James, Nietzsche, and Frege
  • Fifty-two of their works, listed in a separate section by publication dates: from Bacon’s Novum Organum (pub. 1620) to Friedrich Nietzsche’s (1844–1900) Ecce Homo (pub. 1908).
  • Ten key historical events for context.
  • Does not cover entire period sometimes designated “modern philosophy.” Except for Nietzsche and James, missing are the philosopher’s with works published in the early 20th century and those associated with analytic philosophy.
  • Same ten key historical events for context (red text)
  • Vertical, tabular format (7.08 x 9.50 in.) with original titles and English translations
5323000-mod-1650-1900-philosophers-works-set-bcrx-20140301

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
2 pp. 9.5 x 7.08, 7.08 x 9.5″ .16 mb
5323000-mod-1650-1900-philosophers-works-set-bcrx-20140301

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2010-06-22: Signif. changes
2010-04-30: New release

Philosophers and Works | End | To the top ↑

Categories
Humanities History of Philosophy Modern Philosophy Philosophy

Hegel’s Dialectical Method

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831; pub. 1801-1837)

The flowchart Hegel’s Dialectical Method illustrates the dialectic of Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis and the progress in history toward the final self-consciousness of Absolute Spirit.

5323000-mod-1770-1831-hegel-set-bcrx-20140301

PDF ver. 2014-03-01
1 p. 4.67 x 7.08″ .67 mb
5323000-mod-1770-1831-hegel-set-bcrx-20140301

PDF version history:
2014-03-01: Updated SKU
2010-02-15: New release

Hegel’s Dialectical Method | End | To the top ↑